All about Testicular Cancer by Dr. Sumit More - Best Urologist in Delhi
Testicular cancer occurs in the testicles (testes), which are located inside the scrotum, a loose bag of skin underneath the penis. The testicles produce male sex hormones and sperm for reproduction.
Compared with other types of cancer, testicular cancer is rare. But testicular cancer is the most common cancer in males between the ages of 15 and 35.
Testicular cancer is highly treatable, even when cancer has spread beyond the testicle. Depending on the type and stage of testicular cancer, you may receive one of several treatments, or a combination.
1. A lump or enlargement in either testicle
2. A feeling of heaviness in the scrotum
3. A dull ache in the abdomen or groin
4. A sudden collection of fluid in the scrotum
5. Pain or discomfort in a testicle or the scrotum
6. Enlargement or tenderness of the breasts
7. Back pain
It's not clear what causes testicular cancer in most cases. Doctors know that testicular cancer occurs when healthy cells in a testicle become altered. Healthy cells grow and divide in an orderly way to keep your body functioning normally. But sometimes some cells develop abnormalities, causing this growth to get out of control — these cancer cells continue dividing even when new cells aren't needed. The accumulating cells form a mass in the testicle.
There's no way to prevent testicular cancer.
Some doctors recommend regular testicle self-examinations to identify testicular cancer at its earliest stage. But not all doctors agree. Discuss testicular self-examination with your doctor if you're unsure about whether it's right for you.
In some cases men discover testicular cancer themselves, either unintentionally or while doing a testicular self-examination to check for lumps. In other cases, your doctor may detect a lump during a routine physical exam.
To determine whether a lump is testicular cancer, your doctor may recommend:
Ultrasound. A testicular ultrasound test uses sound waves to create an image of the scrotum and testicles.
Blood tests. Your doctor may order tests to determine the levels of tumor markers in your blood. Tumor markers are substances that occur normally in your blood
Surgery to remove a testicle (radical inguinal orchiectomy). If it's determined that the lump on your testicle may be cancerous, surgery to remove the testicle may be recommended.
Factors that may increase your risk of testicular cancer include:
Abnormal Testical Development
An Undescended Testicle
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Years of Experience
MBBS, MS, M. Ch. Urology with DMC Registration Number 6128
Dr. Sumit More is an experienced urologist in Delhi and has previously attended intricate cases pertaining to Endourology, Laparoscopic Urology, Reconstructive Urology and Uro-Oncology.
With 12 Years of Experience, 10,000+ Surgeries Performed and 50,000+ Lives Touched, The blend of his experience and educational qualifications make him one of the best urologists in Delhi.
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