All about Kidney Cancer by Dr. Sumit More - Best Urologist in Delhi
Kidney cancer is cancer that begins in the kidneys. Your kidneys are two bean-shaped organs, each about the size of your fist. They're located behind your abdominal organs, with one kidney on each side of your spine.
In adults, renal cell carcinoma is the most common type of kidney cancer. Other less common types of kidney cancer can occur. Young children are more likely to develop a kind of kidney cancer called Wilms' tumor.
The incidence of kidney cancer seems to be increasing. One reason for this may be the fact that imaging techniques such as computerized tomography (CT) scans are being used more often. These tests may lead to the accidental discovery of more kidney cancers. Kidney cancer is often discovered at an early stage, when the cancer is small and confined to the kidney.
1. Blood in your urine, which may appear pink, red or cola colored
2. Pain in your back or side that doesn't go away
3. Loss of appetite
4. Unexplained weight loss
It's not clear what causes most kidney cancers. Doctors know that kidney cancer begins when some kidney cells develop changes (mutations) in their DNA. A cell's DNA contains the instructions that tell a cell what to do. The changes tell the cells to grow and divide rapidly. The accumulating abnormal cells form a tumor that can extend beyond the kidney.
Once your doctor identifies a kidney lesion that might be kidney cancer, the next step is to determine the extent (stage) of the cancer. Staging tests for kidney cancer may include additional CT scans or other imaging tests your doctor feels are appropriate.
The stages of kidney cancer are indicated by Roman numerals that range from I to IV, with the lowest stages indicating cancer that is confined to the kidney. By stage IV, the cancer is considered advanced and may have spread to the lymph nodes or to other areas of the body.
Tests and procedures used to diagnose kidney cancer include:
Blood and urine tests. Tests of your blood and your urine may give your doctor clues about what's causing your signs and symptoms.
Imaging tests. Imaging tests allow your doctor to visualize a kidney tumor or abnormality. Imaging tests might include ultrasound, X-ray, CT or MRI.
Removing a sample of kidney tissue (biopsy). In some situations, your doctor may recommend a procedure to remove a small sample of cells (biopsy) from a suspicious area of your kidney.
Factors that can increase the risk of kidney cancer include:
Certain inherited syndromes
High Blood Pressure
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Delhi NCR's Leading Urologist :
Dr. Sumit More
Years of Experience
MBBS, MS, M. Ch. Urology with DMC Registration Number 6128
Dr. Sumit More is an experienced urologist in Delhi and has previously attended intricate cases pertaining to Endourology, Laparoscopic Urology, Reconstructive Urology and Uro-Oncology.
With 12 Years of Experience, 10,000+ Surgeries Performed and 50,000+ Lives Touched, The blend of his experience and educational qualifications make him one of the best urologists in Delhi.
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