All about Prostate Cancer by Dr. Sumit More - Best Urologist in Delhi
Prostate cancer is cancer that occurs in the prostate. The prostate is a small walnut-shaped gland in males that produces the seminal fluid that nourishes and transports sperm.
Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer. Many prostate cancers grow slowly and are confined to the prostate gland, where they may not cause serious harm. However, while some types of prostate cancer grow slowly and may need minimal or even no treatment, other types are aggressive and can spread quickly.
Prostate cancer that's detected early — when it's still confined to the prostate gland — has the best chance for successful treatment.
1. Trouble urinating
2. Decreased force in the stream of urine
3. Blood in the urine
4. Blood in the semen
5. Bone pain
6. Losing weight without trying
7. Erectile dysfunction
It's not clear what causes prostate cancer. Doctors know that prostate cancer begins when cells in the prostate develop changes in their DNA. A cell's DNA contains the instructions that tell a cell what to do. The changes tell the cells to grow and divide more rapidly than normal cells do. The abnormal cells continue living, when other cells would die.
Prostate screening tests might include:
Digital rectal exam (DRE). During a DRE, your doctor inserts a gloved, lubricated finger into your rectum to examine your prostate, which is adjacent to the rectum. If your doctor finds any abnormalities in the texture, shape or size of the gland, you may need further tests.
Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test. A blood sample is drawn from a vein in your arm and analyzed for PSA, a substance that's naturally produced by your prostate gland. It's normal for a small amount of PSA to be in your bloodstream. However, if a higher than usual level is found, it may indicate prostate infection, inflammation, enlargement or cancer.
Complications of prostate cancer and its treatments include :
Cancer that spreads (metastasizes). Prostate cancer can spread to nearby organs, such as your bladder, or travel through your bloodstream or lymphatic system to your bones or other organs.
Incontinence. Both prostate cancer and its treatment can cause urinary incontinence. Treatment for incontinence depends on the type you have, how severe it is and the likelihood it will improve over time.
Erectile dysfunction. Erectile dysfunction can result from prostate cancer or its treatment, including surgery, radiation or hormone treatments. Medications, vacuum devices that assist in achieving erection and surgery are available to treat erectile dysfunction.
Factors that can increase your risk of prostate cancer include:
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Delhi NCR's Leading Urologist :
Dr. Sumit More
Years of Experience
MBBS, MS, M. Ch. Urology with DMC Registration Number 6128
Dr. Sumit More is an experienced urologist in Delhi and has previously attended intricate cases pertaining to Endourology, Laparoscopic Urology, Reconstructive Urology and Uro-Oncology.
With 12 Years of Experience, 10,000+ Surgeries Performed and 50,000+ Lives Touched, The blend of his experience and educational qualifications make him one of the best urologists in Delhi.
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